Severe economic slump hits the U.S. after a decade of prosperity.
Baltimore–St. Louis rail service completed.
President Buchanan endorses the Lecompton constitution in Kansas.
Panic of 1857
Filling in of Boston’s Back Bay begins.
Arrival of missionary Augustus Loomis in San Francisco; sent to help Chinese Americans.
Dred Scott v. Sandford decision rules that Scott, a slave who had been freed previously by a jury, is not a citizen and has no standing in the Courts of the U.S.
A school for Chinese American children opens in San Francisco (in 1859, it is changed to an evening school). Mid-Nineteenth Century Views of Industrialization