Free Soil party members in Kansas outlaw slavery.Start of "Bleeding Kansas" years.
Proslavery forces steal the election for a territorial legislature in Kansas.
Proslavery Kansans establish a government in Lecompton.
Free-soil government established in Topeka, Kansas.
New York opens its Castle Garden immigrant center.
Peru abolishes slavery.American William Walker becomes dictator of Nicaragua with the support of local elites and American business interests.
First hospital for women established in New York.