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The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition
Paul Lauter, General Editor
Timeline - 1850

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1849
1851
Year
Literary
Historical
Cultural
1850
George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh; Ojibwa)
   from The Life of Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh
   Organization of a New Indian Territory, East of the Missouri River. Arguments and Reasons Submitted to the honorable the Members of the Senate and House of Representatives to the 31st Congress of the United States
   The Traditional History and Characteristic Sketches of the Ojibway Nation

Emily Dickinson
   Letter To Abiah Root**

Mike Fink
  Mike Fink Trying to Scare Mrs. Crockett**

Nathaniel Hawthorne
 Letters
To J.T. Fields, January 20, 1850**
   To J.T. Fields, Undated draft**

Caroline Lee Hentz
   Linda; or, The Young Pilot of the Belle Creole

Herman Melville
   Hawthorne and His Mosses**

Frances Sargent Locke Osgood
   The Hand That Swept the Sounding Lyre**
   The Indian Maid's Reply to the Missionary**

audio file
   Life Is a Toil**
   Paper of Pins**
   Pat Works on the Railway**
   Shenandoah**
   Sweet Betsy from Pike**

Sojourner Truth
Narrative of Sojourner Truth
Walt Whitman
   Blood Money
 from By the Roadside
   Europe, the 72d and 73d Years of These States**

Related Literary Events
Ella Wheeler Wilcox was born.

Sarah Margaret Fuller died.

Josiah Gregg died.

Narratives from the Mexican and Early American Southwest, c. 1800-1850

Frances Sargent Locke Osgood died.

Other literary publications
- Sara Jane Lippincott (writing as Grace Greenwood), Greenwood Leaves

- Susan Warner (alias Elizabeth Wetherell), The Wide, Wide World
Nashville convention assembles to discuss the South’s grievances.

Fugitive Slave Act mandates the return of slaves who have escaped to free states.

U.S. population reaches twenty-three million; black population reaches 3.2 million.

Foreign Miner's Tax; enforced by the state of California, ususally against Chinese miners; often forced to pay it several times.

California admitted as a free state in Clay Compromise.

National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester, Massachusetts.

Zachary Taylor dies in office; Millard Fillmore assumes presidency.

image file  Salem Custom House


Probable infant mortality rate among slaves almost twice that of white population.

Birth rate continues to decline with an average of 5.42 children per married couple.

Lucy Sessions becomes first African American woman with a college degree after graduating from Oberlin College.

image file   Opera star Jenny Lind, "The Swedish Nightingale," tours U.S.

image fileJim Crow Collection Online

image fileThe Hudon River School, Romanticism, and American Painting

image fileNineteenth Century Revisitings of Puritans and Witchcraft

image fileNineteenth Century Revisitings of Puritans and Witchcraft
c. 1850
Songs of White Communities
   Acres of Clams**
   Cindy**
   Clementine**
   John Brown's Body**

1849
1851







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