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 Critical Thinking
 Critical Thinking
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Thinking Critically, Seventh Edition
John Chaffee et al.

*Some of these glossary definitions have been adapted and reproduced by permission of The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Many computer and Web-related definitions have been contributed by Jason Snart, College of DuPage.

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target population A group that conclusions are drawn about based on statistical sampling and inductive reasoning.

telnet An Internet communications procedure or system that enables a computer to function as a terminal working from a remote computer.

testimony A declaration by a witness under oath, such as that given before a court or deliberative body.

theist moral theory A theory of morality that holds that “right” and “wrong” are determined by a supernatural Supreme Being (“God”).

theory (1) A plausible or coherent scenario that has yet to be applied to experience.

theory (2) A set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena, normally involving a number of interconnected hypotheses.

thesis A proposition that is maintained by argument;the issue on which an argument takes position.

thinking A purposeful, organized cognitive process used to understand the world and make informed decisions.

thinking creatively Using the thinking process to develop ideas that are unique, useful, and worthy of further elaboration.

thinking critically Carefully exploring the thinking process to clarify one’s understanding and make more intelligent decisions; the cognitive process that carefully examines one’s thinking (and the thinking of others) to clarify and improve one’s understanding.

total meaning In linguistics, the meaning of a word composed of the semantic meaning, perceptual meaning, syntactic meaning, and pragmatic meaning.

two wrongs make a right A fallacy that attempts to justify a morally questionable action by arguing that it is a response to another wrong action, either real or imagined.