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 Critical Thinking
 Critical Thinking
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Thinking Critically, Seventh Edition
John Chaffee et al.

*Some of these glossary definitions have been adapted and reproduced by permission of The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Many computer and Web-related definitions have been contributed by Jason Snart, College of DuPage.

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random selection A selection strategy in which every member of the target population has an equal chance of being included in the sample.

reasoning The type of thinking that uses argument; reasons in support of conclusions.

reason A statement that supports another statement (known as a conclusion), justifies it, or makes it more probable.

red herring A fallacy that is committed by introducing an irrelevant topic in order to divert attention for the original issue being discussed. Also known as “Smoke Screen” and “Wild Goose Chase. ”

referents All the various examples of a concept.

relate To bring into or link in logical or natural association; to establish or demonstrate a connection between.

relativism A theory, especially in ethics or aesthetics, that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. OR In philosophy, the view that the truth is relative to any individual or situation, that there is no standard we can use to decide which beliefs make most sense.

relevant Having a bearing on or connection with the matter at hand.

reliable Offering dependable information.

reporting Describing information in ways that can be verified through investigation.

representative In statistical sampling, when the sample is considered to accurately reflect the larger whole, or target population, from which the sample is taken.

revise To reconsider and change or modify.

role The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual.